Two examples of the objects. We added a stripe of paper under the bezel to show the divisions
Click on images for enlarged views
View of the glossy varnish
Both versions feature the same fancy data. Absolute nonsense is a version dated 1836 !
(click on link for picture)
This instrument exists in two different sizes:
- same as original (dia. 2-1/4'' / 58mm)
- oversized (dia. 3'' / 75mm)
- small: 8 oz. / 250 grs
- large: 12 oz./375 grs.
A version with nazi symbols (Führer Fabrik Krupp) exists also and is displayed below.
Click on images for enlarged views
of a rather well
There is no luminous paint on the chapter ring, the north mark triangle (instead of a lozenge) on the disk is the same as on the Israel-made El-Op compass and there is no rubber ring on the back. The S/N beginning with the letter S never existed. This could be an original case recently completed by a forger...
item (made in India?)
bears the name of the famous manufacturer KELVIN-HUGHES but written
"typo" (HUGES) and a fancy date (1918).
Picture courtesy of Vidal Regals / Elisabeth Wolf Allemann
Intentional Typo? BRONTON instead of BRUNTON
(also made in India?)
bearing the famous manufacturer's name KELVIN &
HUGHES and a fancy date (1917). They are only poor imitations
of the famous BRUNTON pocket transit compass
See also page top : BRINTON
Picture by courtesy of Louis Geerts
|This item (probably made in India) bears the name of the famous German scientist and manufacturer Karl Philipp Heinrich PISTOR (1778-1847) and of his associate and son-in-law MARTINS (read the full story in Wikipedia's German version). They mostly made telescopes and survey materiel but in those years no compass like this one existed. The type of letters used in the name and city (Berlin) is identical to the ones in the modern STANLEY LONDON replicas of compasses (see BRUNTON). Moreover, the letters for the cardinal points are engraved inverted but not the figures (excepted the clinometer) and the compass features no prism. The circular mirror in the lid would be an explanation but the scale doesn't rotate - what makes no sense at all ! The cardinals are written in a roman language (O and E for West and East in French for instance). Their arrangement is identical to the italian marching compass made by CEV.|
Pic. courtesy Daunicht & Blohm
(Detail view: click on image)
|On this Bézard
compass, besides the Word RICHTUNG (DIRECTION) numbers
(88/34) and two symbols are engraved: the famous
at left and the
or Quartermaster Office)
at right. The standard Marching compasses issued to the
during the IIIrd Reich and WWII were not Bézard-type
but the models displayed in the entries Breithaupt
The RZM was responsible for all official items like uniform
designs, knives etc.) but all
pieces of equipment had to be labelled with a visible RZM copyright
protection symbol and a product-assigned RZM number that contained
encoded data about the industrial branch, material group, manufacturer
and year of production.
Since this information is missing on this item, we must consider that it is a modern fake addition on an old compass. The no. 88 is not innocent: the 8th letter in the alphabet is H so that 88 means HH, a code commonly used nowadays in right-wing groups for "Heil Hitler"). The no. 34 is probably the contraction of 124 i.e. Ab-D = Ausländerbefreites Deutschland = Germany freed from Foreigners (see more Neonazi popular codes HERE). Genuine manufacturers codes always began with a letter (see List of RZM codes). Moreover, materiels used by the Armed forces (Wehrmacht, Luftwaffe or Kriegsmarine) had no RZM-reference since these were not organisations ruled by Hitler's political party NSDAP
|Pure invention made in
India or China with a modern
Picture sent by a visitor
LONDON in gothic letters.
This item is supposed to be a German NAZI-time compass but the cardinals are in English. Such a compass never existed during the IIIrd Reich: it's pure modern invention.
Pictures courtesy Fedorov Vasiliy
|Modern replica of
a BRUNTON-type compass
(made in India, s. top of page) with additional plates reading:
Top: Logo of the famous company LEICA
Center: Medal marked: SÄCHS. FRONTSOLDATEN & KRIEGSOPFER-GEDENKTAG
(Saxon front soldiers and war victims-memorial day)
Bottom: DRESDEN (German name of the city Dresde), below left (not legible) and right: 1937
Picture courtesy Bisser Dobrev
Olympic Games 1936
At left: Equinoctial sundial (compare with the item dated 1938 below)
Note the strange label with the name of the camera manufacturer LEICA on the compass's base plate.
Picture courtesy Mark Toensing and A-M Sterk
Fake MkIII British marching compass (see above and T.G. Co. Ltd London ) with nazi symbols additions on the prism and sticker on the reverse.
Note the misspelled name of Germany: DEUTSCHAND (w/o L").
Picture courtesy K-K-Hoflieferant
Hunter cased pocket compass with sundial
A typical feature of contemporary compasses made in India is the green jewel in the needle cap: genuine ancient items always had a red jewel. Lat not least, the cardinals are in English: E for East where it should read O for Ost in German.
with the example
above, typo included...
Pictures courtesy Forum - Axis History
Reich - 1938 -
Equinoctial sundial - Compare with the item dated 1936 above (Olympic Games)
wording has no typos
but the compass is also the same as the modern one with English
Pictures courtesy Ioannis Kalogeropoulos
|Cheap modern compass glued inside a case on which a cutaway svastika was soldered (see rings underneath)||The
case is very similar to the one above
with the eagle on top (see closing tabs)
Pictures courtesy Nick Tsagarakis
Picture courtesy Jaypee
(Click on the pictures for enlarged views)
Example of a (well made) imitation
Pictures courtesy J. Grobovsek
(Click on images for enlarged views)
- Dia. of case: 4" / 105mm
- Dia. of compass: 25mm
- Thickness: 1" / 23 mm
- Gnomon: goat
- Engravings on face: zodiac signs (conventional symbols and full name in Arabic language)
- Engravings on rear face: see pic at right
- Engravings on lid: click HERE
(Pictures courtesy I. Kasse)
|This item is a replica
of a 18th C. Spanish sun watch.
signed by VILLA
ALCOR which was a Spanish
SL (address Calle Madrid s/n, 28607 El
Alamo, Spain) and existed probably 1985-2005. Villalcor was
bought out and sold to Hemisferium
The city names are in Spanish (example: Venecia for Venice which would be Venezia in Italian) but the cardinal points are indicated in English (W for West instead of O for Oeste in Spanish - see Miscellaneous / Cardinal Points) which makes no sense at all!
The two barrel lid hinges on back side instead of the earlier snipe hinges and the front snap lock are signs of modern production.
The lid's upper side features a beautiful modern map of North America, a part of South America and two three-masted sail ships.
Sundial divisions inside the lid: double sundial with three latitudes (502 = 50° 2').
Pictures by courtesy of Milagritos25
(Click on the pictures for enlarged views)
- Dimensions (closed): 3 1/2¨ x 2 1/2¨ x 3/4¨ approx.
- Material: probably bone
- Manufacturer unknown
NOTE: Replica of a semi antique sundial. The magnetic needle looks like the old original ones. Only, the compass' cylindrical bowl is a little too large for the casing (there is not enough room for the roman figure VIII on the left rim, resp. the IIII on the right side) and the rose, divisions and figures printed on the dial look far too modern. Moreover, the islands located North of Canada were discovered & surveyed during the 19th/20th C.
Picture Carolyn Patricia -
Photoshop post-editing Jaypee
(Click on the picture for an enlarged view)
Character comparison (list item no. 5: 7-9 o'clock a.m.):
- small picture, top right: poor handwriting (compass at left),
- small picture, bottom right: the same character in the classical handwriting on an antique item.
(See also category Sundials, China).
User's Instructions: This instrument must be laid flat in fully opened position. The compass's North mark (sign bei) is located below the compass capsule in the picture at left. The user thus stands looking South. The rising sun being in the upper left corner at 7-9 a.m., the stylus's shadow will fall on the character described above.
characteristics of a
bad imitation of a typical pocket compass are united here:
- the green stone in the needle's cap (instead of a red one)
- the brass face (instead of a silver-coated or a white, rarely a black paint or enamel one)
- the strange arrow (not the British Army's "crowfoot") and last not least
- a fancy date (1920) which doesn't correspond to the information MAKERS OF THE QUEEN since in those years a KING reigned, George V, from 1910-1936 and there is no maker's name !
Pictures courtesy Ante Budimlic (Click on the image for an enlarged view)